On July 1, 2021, a round table “Energy efficiency in industry in the context of sustainable development” was held, initiated by the Ukrainian League of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (ULIE).
By signing the Paris Agreement, Ukraine has chosen a course towards the development of a low-carbon economy.
At the same time the EU countries have taken on increased commitments to implement the Paris Agreement. The goal of the EU Green Deal is to reach a climate-neutral continent by 2050. Among the instruments is the introduction of a tax on imports of the goods that will have a significant carbon footprint (CBAM).
Therefore, Ukraine faces the challenge to turn its own risks into advantages.
Speaking at the round table, Kostiantyn Gura, Acting Head of the State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine (SAEE), noted that energy efficiency in the industrial sector is one of the tools not only for decarbonising the economy, but also for increasing its competitiveness.
Good reasons for the urgent changes in the field of industrial energy efficiency:
- the energy intensity of GDP in Ukraine in 2019 was 2.5 times higher than in Poland and 3.3 times higher than in Germany;
- industry accounts for a third of all energy consumption in the country;
- in 2018, energy losses due to low energy efficiency of enterprises cost Ukraine about $1.5 billion.
To ensure important advances in the field of energy efficiency, the authorities are actively cooperating with each other and with international organizations.
The State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving together with the Ministry of Energy initiated the introduction of a tool for reinvesting the funds from the tax on CO2 emissions to finance energy efficient projects at industrial enterprises – the Decarbonization Fund. The corresponding bill was registered in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
The State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving closely cooperates with GIZ: Networks of energy efficient enterprises are operating, training of energy auditors has been organized, a practical manual on energy audits has been issued, etc.
UNIDO together with Ukrgasbank have introduced a Loan Guarantee Fund for the implementation of energy management in industry. Under the terms of the program, enterprises can take loans without collateral for the implementation of energy management systems or modernization.
All initiatives are necessary.
“Currently, Ukraine needs to address the priority issues: modernization of heating units at thermal power plants, the wear of which reaches 90%, development of bioenergy, increasing the energy efficiency of enterprises, decarbonization of industry. All this requires state management, a strategy for the development of the sphere and the stability of the business and investment field,” said the President of the ULIE Anatoliy Kinakh.
The importance of systemic actions as well as attracting scientific and technical potential in this area, was also noted by the rector of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine Stanislav Nikolaenko.
During the round table, the President of the ULIE Anatoliy Kinakh and the Rector of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine Stanislav Nikolayenko signed a memorandum of cooperation. The parties plan to take systematic measures to improve the energy efficiency of Ukrainian enterprises.
This work will also be carried out in partnership between the ULIE and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, with which the business union has also concluded a memorandum of cooperation and established a joint working group.