Valentyna Huch-Denysenko, the EUEA energy efficiency expert, presented the results of the project with UNIDO “Industrial Energy Survey: Strengthening Ukraine Industry Energy Security and preparing for Green Recovery interventions”. 32 enterprises of various industries took part in the survey. As of the end of summer 2022, 13% of surveyed enterprises have implemented an energy management system.
📌How has the activity of enterprises changed?
Information on production indicators contains information on the actual work of enterprises in the relevant periods of the pre-war period and during martial law, as well as data on the workload of enterprises. Thus, 7 enterprises during the same period (April 2021 – April 2022) reduced production volumes from 65 to 17%. The main reasons for the reduction were material and technical problems and the destruction of enterprises or their branches (applies to retail trade enterprises). In turn, the production of most critical infrastructure enterprises didn’t change and ranged from a 10% decrease to a 2% increase in production. 6 companies were able to demonstrate growth from 15% to 72% compared to April 2021, which is explained by the available raw material stocks from last year.
📌 What are the plans of the enterprises regarding EnMS and energy audit?
According to the research: 41% of enterprises plan to implement EnMS, and 28% of surveyed enterprises are not interested in implementing EnMS, which indicates that enterprises don`t understand the benefits of implementation.
As for the energy audit, the situation is very similar to the implementation of EnMS, namely, 13% of industrial sector enterprises have already conducted an energy audit, about 40% plan to conduct an energy audit, and 9% are not interested. Most of the enterprises, namely 84% of the respondents, are positive about the implementation of the relevant energy-efficient measures and are currently at the stage of searching for and attracting investments,” said Valentyna.
📌 How did the energy component in the price of production change because of the war?
The energy component in the price of production at most enterprises has increased, the main reasons are disruption of logistics chains, war, and destruction of infrastructure, which caused overspending of energy resources associated with emergency situations.
As a result, the share of energy sources in the production of products increased in the range from 5 to 15% at 5 investigated enterprises. At 18 enterprises, the changes amounted to no more than 4%. At 3 enterprises, a decrease in the share of energy carriers in the cost of production (from 2 to 6%) was achieved due to the implementation of earlier energy-efficient measures and optimization of the energy consumption system. 6 enterprises did not provide data.